Many people from ancient times attached a sacred significance to the hair: here and the Slavs, who believed that through the hair a person is filled with the energy of Mother Earth and the Sun Father, who subsequently protects from sorcerous charms and evil eyes; and the Scandinavians, for whom the beautiful Iceland Hallderd, who was able to cover herself with her silky blond hair, was considered to be the model of beauty and feminine wisdom, and even Indian men still forbid their women to in vain to cut their hair, because the Slavic-Aryan Vedas say: "Do not shear your vestments in vain, for wisdom can not be comprehended and you will lose health. " Beautiful, thick hair, indeed, the subject of the dreams of millions of girls and women, but what if the hair remains on the comb every time a lot of hair?
Dermatologist Wendy Roberts , MD, practicing in the sunny city of California with the poetic name Rancho Mirage, likes to compare hair with a flowering garden and repeats that the quality of the soil depends on the entire crop. And there are many reasons for the depletion of our hair base.
Physical StressWhat do doctors mean when talking about physical stress? This is the consequence of any deviation from the norm, a violation of some system. Whether it's an ordinary cold, pneumonia, appendicitis or trauma to the limbs.
To begin with, it is worth remembering that the so-called "hair" cycle is three phases:
- Anagen - the period of hair follicle formation and their active growth.
- Katagenovaya - the phase of hair degradation: growth is suspended due to detachment of the follicle from nerve endings and vessels.
- Telogenovaya - the process of rejection of hair from the root, it is this stage and is called in the people "fallout". For a person, it is normal to lose about 100 hair a day.
Any stressful situation affects the state of your hairstyle. During illness, our body directs all its forces to fight viruses, during injuries - to the speedy regeneration of tissues, and not to maintain the beauty of hair in the anagen phase, so do not panic if after another cold or flu locks on the comb remains somewhat more. After some time, as a rule, in 2-6 months, the body will fully recover, and you will forget about this problem.
PregnancyIt's not a secret to anyone that during a woman's pregnancy the hormonal background changes. The pituitary gland ceases to produce FSH and LH hormones responsible for the ovulation and maturation of the egg, in exchange, it begins to intensively produce thyroid-stimulating and adrenocorticotropic hormones, under the influence of which the adrenal glands begin to produce mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids that regulate water-salt metabolism and suppress immunity. In pregnant women, immunity decreases, so that the body does not reject the fetus. In addition, thinning of hair, increased pigmentation, and abundant growth of hair on the body are noted. This state is also temporary: after a miracle of birth, after several months, the body, as in the case of stressful situations, comes back to normal. And hair loss stops.
An excess of vitamin AAccording to the American Academy of Dermatology (American Academy of Dermatology), an overabundance of vitamin A can cause abundant hair loss. The daily norm of vitamin A for adults and children after four years is 5000 IU (1 IU of vitamin A - 0.3 μg of retinol, or 0.6 μg of β-carotene). And in the dietary supplement can contain from 2,500 to 10,000 IU.
What to do: carefully read the instructions for vitamins and consult a specialist before starting the application.
MedicineMost modern contraceptive pills do not cause side effects. However, all the same it is worth remembering that any intervention in the hormonal background of the body can cause an individual reaction, in particular hair loss due to increased levels of androgens (male hormones). Therefore, you should never start taking the OC without first passing the tests and consulting a specialist.
Anemia (iron deficiency).Approximately 1 in 10 women aged 20-49 years with iron deficiency have problems with hair loss. What to do : properly selected medicines will eradicate this problem. Other symptoms of anemia: fatigue, painful pallor, constantly cold hands and feet, dizziness and headaches.
HypothyroidismHypothyroidism is a disease of the endocrine system, associated with an insufficient content of thyroid hormones, such as thyroid-stimulating hormone, thyroxine and triiodothyronine. Symptoms of hypothyroidism: drowsiness, increased sensitivity to heat and cold, dry skin, hair loss, weight gain, constipation and swelling.
What to do : visit a doctor-endocrinologist, take the necessary tests (blood test, ultrasound, if necessary, a biopsy) and undergo a course of hormone replacement therapy for the thyroid gland.
Sharp weight racesA sudden change in weight leads to irreversible effects on the body, which is under stress from too rapid changes. There is a change in the hormonal background, and nervous exhaustion, and a decrease in immunity. Therefore, again I repeat, equally avoid both too strict diets and overeating. Do not become hostages of food, choose only high-quality and useful products, show imagination when preparing new dishes and enjoy every bit.
Too frequent visits to the hairdresserThe biggest harm to the hair follicles is caused by the once popular dreadlocks. Then there are so-called smyvka and boost-up, which change the structure of the hair, thinning it. Too frequent staining also has a detrimental effect on the condition of your hair.
What to do: use an air conditioner that is right for you, do not get carried away by a hairdryer and curling iron - in short, avoid exposure to high temperatures. And also carefully choose hair dye, giving preference to those that do not contain ammonia.
ColdFrom a cold there are spasms of vessels, and blood circulation of a skin of a head worsens. Therefore, when the temperature drops below +5, it makes sense to supplement your image with a headdress. And when the temperature drops below zero, this recommendation becomes an obligatory requirement, if you want, of course, to dissolve in the spring not "three hairs on four sides" but a whole dense waterfall. But it is worth remembering that head protection should not be too "heavy", ie, the cap should not squeeze the whiskey and stick too tightly to the head - keep natural "ventilation". Also, dermatologists advise in the winter not to get involved in complex styling with an abundance of mousse and gel, because in this case a special nutrient medium is formed under the cap, favorable for the reproduction of bacteria.
Well, finally add that the nervous overload, stress and daily turmoil also adversely affect the condition of your precious curls. It's not for nothing that since ancient times, hair is considered a storehouse of the emotional energy of a woman. And the main cure for all "sores" is your inner harmony, smile and love of life.
All of the above factors, individually may be the cause of hair loss, and even more so their combination can lead to rapid hair loss.